Currently reading: Driving Bedeo's Land Rover Defender EV
UK-based consortium aims to perfect in-wheel motors with a drive in a modified Defender

Electromods are not to everyone's taste, it would be fair to say.

Take this Land Rover Defender: shorn of all its traditional drivetrain hardware - driveshafts, transfer cases, engine, differential locks - is it even a Defender at all any more?

Yet this is an electromod with a difference because it previews some very real and very relevant technology that could transform electric cars in particular and vehicle design more generally.

The Defender 110 conversion is the work of the Farnham-based Bedeo Group, which comprises battery maker and electric vehicle integration specialist Bedeo and electric motor maker Protean Electric.

But it's the Protean part of this story that's most intriguing, as four of the firm's in-wheel motors are fitted to this Defender-based rolling technological showcase.

The perceived primary benefit of such motors is the far more precise control of each wheel they ofter, and that's true of them here in this Defender. Yet those benefits are secondary in the long run, as in-wheel motors pave the way for a revolution in architecture design.

They would allow car makers to do away with axles, driveshafts and subframes, in turn reducing overall mass and therefore cost because smaller batteries can be fitted and packaged in such a way that needn't make the EV so tall. Put simply, in-wheel motors help cars get lighter, smaller and cheaper.

The only telltale sign of the revolution here is behind the 18in wheels of this Defender. What looks like a fancy wheel design is actually the motor, which houses the inverter in the same unit.

Each motor produces 80bhp and 479lb ft, but software limits power and torque to below 50% of those outputs, lest the Defender becomes undrivable. Still, the 0-62mph time is a very respectable 10.0sec and the top speed is 80mph.

The 75kWh battery is fitted between the chassis rails where some of the original running gear was stripped out. The quoted range is 153 miles, and a standard 22KW charger is fitted with a 50kW fast charger optional.

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Due to how much running gear has been stripped out, the weight gain is said to be nominal even accounting for the large battery pack.

It's been a while since I drove an old Defender, and what I remember of it most is the noise.

That chug of the diesel engine and the rattles it sends through the cabin would shake the fillings out of an NVH engineer today, but that's one of the things that makes the car so charming and likeable. The shock here is the silence when you hit the start button. Is this really a Defender, you wonder?

The weirdness continues: there's no heavy clutch to operate, but the handbrake remains, at least.

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More familiarity comes from the steering, which we would have to call vague in modern parlance - but it wouldn't be a Defender without it.

Our short test starts with a drive through Farnham town centre. Power delivery is really well modulated via your right foot.

There's an urgency to the acceleration that makes it easy to take advantage of gaps in traffic, but there's none of the overwhelming torque from which many an EV suffers - you would not want to have to deal with that in an old Defender...

One-pedal driving is a boon, too, with well-judged regeneration: a Defender has never been so easy to drive in traffic.

It gets up to speed nicely out of town, and you're left simply to steer and feel every bump delivered softly through your backside. There's still charm in the way it handles: the essence of the Defender remains.

We venture onto some green lanes, and being an EV makes the Defender feel like the ideal off-road learner car. There are no drive modes either via hardware or software; instead, just your right foot controls the accelerator and brakes. You can't tell motors are mounted in-wheel, either - not that there's much grounds for comparison. The terrain is pretty tame, yes, yet the Defender just glides over everything in silence, saving you all of the heavy lifting.

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This may limit the appeal for some, yet it will enhance it for others. Diehard Series 1 owners aren't really the target market, but those who like the idea of electromods and regard them as a way to reinvigorate and modernise classic cars will see the appeal.

The Defender is the first in Bedeo's Reborn Electric Icons programme, and company CEO Osman Boyer, who uses this very Defender as his daily driver and has become a legend on the school run accordingly, hopes to add a model each year. The Porsche 911 is one such car in his sights.

Bedeo is not planning to sell the car directly itself. Instead, the idea is to offer the drivetrain to companies that do conversions and modernise the chassis and upgrade the interior at the same time. I'm sure there will be plenty of takers.

Mark Tisshaw

Title: Editor

Mark is a journalist with more than a decade of top-level experience in the automotive industry. He first joined Autocar in 2009, having previously worked in local newspapers. He has held several roles at Autocar, including news editor, deputy editor, digital editor and his current position of editor, one he has held since 2017.

From this position he oversees all of Autocar’s content across the print magazine, website, social media, video, and podcast channels, as well as our recent launch, Autocar Business. Mark regularly interviews the very top global executives in the automotive industry, telling their stories and holding them to account, meeting them at shows and events around the world.

Mark is a Car of the Year juror, a prestigious annual award that Autocar is one of the main sponsors of. He has made media appearances on the likes of the BBC, and contributed to titles including What Car?Move Electric and Pistonheads, and has written a column for The Sun.

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nicfaz 22 May 2024

Just here to correct the mistake that lower weight would allow a smaller battery by being more efficient.  It's not true - because EVs can recuperate most of the energy using regen braking, weight actually makes much less difference to the efficiency than it does in a ICE car.  Aero is the real enemy - which the defender isn't renowned for.


If you really want to manage with a smaller battery then you need an slippery, long shape with a small frontal area.  See the Mercedes EQXX for an example.  

xxxx 22 May 2024

Emmm, few minor advantages yet so many disadvantages. You need one motor to drive each wheel, cost, massive un spung weight increase, thick electric cable being constantly reshaped several inches every few seconds, electric motors feeling the direct effect of pot holes  I could go on.

Marc 22 May 2024
Get in touch with them. Set yourself up as a consultant and advise them on their mistakes. I'm sure they will be interested particularly as it looks like they could save 10s, if not 100s of thousands with your input.
xxxx 22 May 2024

Bit touchy. This is a car forum if you don't like other peoples opinion then I suggest you come up a reasoned reply OR stay away from comments section.

Marc 22 May 2024
Not touchy at all, just offering an opinion. You seem very knowledgeable, they may be open to your ideas and suggestions that's all.